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H. Pylori IgG ELISA

SKU: HP013G
Price:
$250.00
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SUMMARY AND EXPLANATION

H. pylori is detectable in nearly 100% of adult patients with duodenal ulcer and about 80% of patients with gastric ulcer.An association between H. pylori and gastric cancer is confirmed. In developing countries, where most children become infected by the age of 10, gastric cancer rates are very high. In the USA and other developed countries, standards of hygiene and the increasing socioeconomic status of the population have reduced the incidence of infection, and in parallel, the rates of peptic ulcers and gastric cancer have declined. There is excellent correlation between the clinical presentation of gastritis, the presence of H. pylori in the stomach and elevated serum H. pylori IgG and IgA antibodies. ELISA sensitivity and specificity are 90%, and the predictive value of a negative result for is very high. H. pylori IgG and/or IgA antibodies falls significantly after successful antibacterial therapy. Eradication of H. pylori is associated with a significant reduction in duodenal ulcer recurrence. pylori strains are classified into two broad groups - those that express both VacA and CagA (type I) and those that produce neither (type II).Type I strains are predominate in patients with ulcers and cancer. Up to 50% of adults is infected with H. pylori, but most of them are asymptotic and will not develop ulcer. The reason is they are infected with type II. 80-100% of patients with duodenal ulcer disease produce CagA antibodies against a 128 kd antigen compared with 60-63% of H. pylori-infected persons with gastritis only, indicating that serologic responses to the 128 kd protein are more prevalent among H. pylori-infected persons with duodenal ulcers than infected persons without peptic ulceration.In H. pylori-infected patients who develop gastric cancer, serum IgG against CagA 94% sensitive and 93% specific,indicating that detection of antibodies to CagA is useful marker for diagnosis of duodenal ulcer and gastric cancer.

Catalog number
HP013G
Product type ELISA
Quantity                          
96 Tests (12x8 breakable strip wells)
Sample volume 10 µl/well
Species Human
Application The Calbiotech Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) IgG ELISA Kit is intended for the detection of IgG antibody to H. pylori in human serum or plasma.
Principle
Diluted patient serum is added to wells coated with purified antigen. IgG specific antibody, if present, binds to the antigen. All unbound materials are washed away and the enzyme conjugate is added to bind to the antibody-antigen complex, if present. Excess enzyme conjugate is washed off and substrate is added. The plate is incubated to allow the hydrolysis of the substrate by the enzyme. The intensity of the color generated is proportional to the amount of IgG specific antibody in the sample.
Storage and Stability Product should be stored at 2-8 °C. Product is stable for 24 months from the date of manufacturing.
Precautions For research use only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
References

1. Cutler AF; Prasad VM; Santogade P. Four-year trends in Helicobacter pylori IgG serology following successful eradication. Am J Med 1998;105(1):18-20 

2. Holtmann G; Talley NJ; Mitchell H; Hazell S. Antibody response to specific H. pylori antigens in functional dyspepsia, duodenal ulcer disease, and health. Am J Gastroenterol 1998; 93(8):1222-7. 

3. Parsonnet J; Replogle M; Yang S; Hiatt R. Seroprevalence of CagA-positive strains among Helicobacter pylori-infected, healthy young adults. J Infect Dis 1997;175(5):1240-2. 

4. Klaamas K; Held M; Wadstr¨om T; Lipping A; Kurtenkov O. IgG immune response to Helicobacter pylori antigens in patients with gastric cancer as defined by ELISA and immunoblotting. Int J Cancer 1996; 67(1):1-5. 

5. Matsukura N; Onda M; Tokunaga A; Kato S; Yoshiyuki T; Hasegawa H; Yamashita K; Tomtitchong P; Hayashi A. Role of Helicobacter pylori infection in perforation of peptic ulcer: an age- and gender-matched case-control study. J Clin Gastroenterol 1997;10:S235-9. 

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H. Pylori IgG Package Insert
Type : PDF